The Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) is formed. Veteran southern politician Joseph Oduho becomes chairman. Colonel John Garang, a Dinka army officer, heads the Sudan People's Liberation Army. A manifesto outlining its aims was published. Oduho is subsequently deposed by Garang who then establishes himself as the leader of the SPLA/M. There are armed clashes with Anya Nya 2 rebels. Largely Nuer-based, the Anya-Nya militarily opposed the SPLA because of that organisation's Dinka domination and commitment to Sudan's unity.